Five Different Types of Alcoholics Identified
Have you ever wondered why there is such a wide age range for those who abuse alcohol? Well a study from the journal of Drug and Alcohol Dependence may have found an answer. According to the study there are five different subtypes of alcoholics that exist today. The study was conducted from 1,484 U.S. adults who took part in a national survey, and were asked multiple questions not only about alcohol dependence but also about personality, family history of alcoholism and other substance abuse issues. The results were then applied to the U.S. population and from this the list of subtypes was born explaining the five types of alcoholics:
1.) Young Adult Subtype: This subtype of alcoholism accounts for just about 32% of U.S. drinkers. This group is actually the largest subtype and also accounts for those alcoholics who rarely seek help for the problem. The average age found in this subtype is 24 years of age, and it was found that these drinkers were alcoholics by the time they hit 20. Although the people in this group tend to drink less frequently than other drinkers, when they do partake in alcohol they tend to binge drink, which can be very dangerous.
2.) Young Antisocial Subtype: This group of alcoholics is about 21% of U.S. alcoholics. On average, the age of this group was found to be around 26 years old with most having reached alcoholism by age 18. As reported by the study, more than half of the people in this subtype have antisocial personality disorder and are also more likely to use other substances like tobacco and pot.
3.) Functional Subtype: The functional subtype accounts for about 19% of the U.S. alcoholics. These are generally middle-aged working adults who have stable relationships, more education, and are pulling in a greater income than other alcoholics. Alcoholics in this subtype tend to drink every other day, but when doing this they have been found to drink five or more drinks during that day.
4.) Intermediate Familial Subtype: People in this subtype traditionally have and are around family members who are alcoholics. They often begin drinking by age 17 and reach the status of alcoholic by their early 30s. This subtype also accounts for 19% of the U.S. alcoholic population.
5.) Chronic Severe Subtype: This is actually the rarest of the subtypes accounting for only 9% of U.S. alcoholics. Generally, this group is made up of men who not only abuse alcohol, but also frequently abuse other illicit drugs. The members of this subtype also have been shown to have the highest divorce rate.
Although the people in one subtype may function easier in their everyday lives than those in other subtypes, all of the groups support the fact that alcohol dependence is a very severe and dangerous disease. A disease that can have a horrific impact on your life, health, and well being. So if you have a family member who falls under one of these subtypes, don’t be afraid to seek treatment that will help them get healthy, because it could very well save their life.
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